Sunday`s NSCN-IM statement added that while Ravi often referred to a “problem, a solution,” he signed two agreements – framework agreements with NSCN (IM) and a position agreed with the NNPG. In 1975, a peace agreement was signed between the government and the NNC. The NNC, dubbed the Shillong Agreement, has promised to give up arms, but several senior NNC leaders have not endorsed the deal and have broken up to push their own factions. One such group was the NSCN, which then split into an NSCN (I-M) group. The NSCN requested that the Centre commit to ensuring that the framework agreement in its original form is still alive and that it “must be treated by someone other than RN Ravi”, sensitive enough to understand and respect what has been achieved over the past 23 years. The flag and the Constitution are important for the final agreement. The Naga have their own flag and constitution, and it is up to the government to recognize them because they are “symbols of the Naga Nation,” Muivah said. The repeal of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, which cedes the state of its constitution and flag, has made the task difficult for the Centre. Nagaland also enjoys special privileges, such as Kashmir, under Article 371, paragraph A. NSCN-IM, one of Naga`s largest groups, signed a framework agreement on August 3, 2015 to end the decades-old issue. The agreement, described as “historic” by Prime Minister Modi, was signed after more than 80 rounds of talks between the government and various interest groups, but the exact details of the deal were not disclosed. In a statement after the signing of the agreement, the government said it had recognized “the unique history, culture and position of the Nagas and their feelings and aspirations.
The NSCN understood and appreciated India`s political system and governance. What complicates matters further is that the framework agreement was subtly manipulated by the interlocutor, held incommunicado since his signing on 3 August 2015. In a certain paragraph of the agreement, which says “that the dialogue between the Indian government and the NSCN has been completed, and we are convinced that it provides for a lasting peaceful relationship, on all sides, between two entities,” the word was deleted, which changed the very meaning of the agreement itself. This angered the leaders of NSCN (I-M). They no longer trust Ravi and have asked that he be replaced as an interlocutor. Asked if the NNPGs were ready to sign an agreement away from the NSCN (I-M), alezo Venuh, wc coordinator, told ThePrint: “It`s the I-M; they also agreed on a solution on 31 October 2019. We can`t speak for him. The NSCN stated that it had so far renounced the publication of the agreement, which respects “the tacit agreement between the two parties not to be made public for India`s security reasons.” He said that Mr. Ravi had taken an unwarranted advantage and began modifying and manipulating the agreement to mislead the Nagas and the center. Mr Ravi signed the agreement on behalf of the Centre in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The other two signatories were Isak Chishi Swu, who died in 2016, and Thuingaleng Muivah, 86, who is leading the talks. The three factors blocking the agreement are the Constitution, the flag and the merger of parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur, which adjoin Nagaland to form a larger Nagalim. In their initial demands, parts of Myanmar also insisted that they be merged with Nagalim – an impossibility. In his speech to the people of Nagaland on 14 August, Muivah briefly recounted the history of the Naga movement and said that “the framework agreement recognizes the sovereignty of Nagas.” He also stated unequivocally that “the Nagas will co-exist with India, which shares sovereign powers, as agreed… But they will not merge with India. The NSCN met with Ravi as interlocutor and not as governor.